# General Intelligence and Reasoning

## Spotting Out the Dissimilar One

In reasoning section, the candidate has to choose one of the alternatives. Out of the given alternatives, only one is different from the rest. This different term is your answer. This type of questions are better understood through examples, therefore, lets begin:

Example 1;
Which of the given words is different from the rest?

1. Dog
2. Lion
3. Cat
4. Ox

Answer : Lion, because all others are domesticated animals, while Lion is wild carnivorous animal.

This was easy, and you’ll rarely find such questions in exam. So, now take a look at this one.

Example 2;
Which among the following numbers is different from the rest?

1. 13
2. 17
3. 21
4. 19

Answer : Look closely at all the given numbers, 13 is a prime number. So is 17 and also 19. Only 21 is the one which is not a prime number but a composie number. Hence the answer to this question is 21.

Example 3;
Which one among the following groups of letters is different from the rest?

1. NP
2. US
3. PR
4. EG

Answer : As is evident upon analyzing the alphabets, Only in ‘US’ the series is moving in -2 direction as compared to other three where +2 pattern is being followed. Hence, the answer is US.

Example 4;
Which one word among the following options does not belong to the group?

1. Wheat
3. Maize
4. Mustard

Answer : This should be simple if you have a little knowledge about these four. Only Mustard is the one which is not a cereal. Hence answer is Mustard.

Example 5;
Out of the following pair of words, which is odd one out?

1. Mother-father
2. Grandfather-Grandson
3. Mother-in-law — Father-in-law
4. Aunt-Uncle

Answer : In all pairs except the 2nd, all have feminine counterparts of the second word. Hence, the answer here is ‘Grandfather-Grandson’.

Example 6;
Which among the following group of letters is different from the rest?

1. LNP
2. SUW
3. VXZ
4. BDG

Answer : Let us look at all the options in detail
L +2 N +2 P
S +2 U +2 W
V +2 X +2 Z
B +2 D +3 G
As you can see, the last one follows a different pattern from the rest. Hence the answer is BDG.

Example 7;
From the given group of numbers, find the odd one?

• 41
• 47
• 45
• 29

Answer : Don’t feel tempted to mark 29 as your answer. You have to come a logical conclusion first. As we can see, all of them are ODD numbers. While 41, 47 and 29 are prime numbers, 45 is a composite number. Hence, the answer to our question is 45.

Example 8;
Find the odd one in the given group of words?

1. Foggy
2. Turbid
3. Transparent
4. Cloudy

Answer : If you pay attention to the meaning of the given words, you’ll find that foggy, turbid and cloudy are synonyms of each other. While transparent is their antonymn. Therefore, our answer is ‘Transparent’.

Example 9;

(A) BFD
(B) NRP
(C) HLG
(D) QUS
(E) UYW
Ans : The pattern is Letter, 5th Letter, 3rd Letter. HLG is different. Therefore answer is HLG

Example 10;

(A) GTSH
(B) BYXC
(C) ETUF
(D) LONM
(E) KJIL
Ans : 2nd letter is next of 3rd letter and 4th letter is next of first letter in all but ETUF. Therefore answer is ETUF.

Example 11;

(A) PQ
(B) CD
(C) MN
(D) DF
(E) RS
Ans : 2nd letter is next of 1st letter in all but DF. Therefore answer is DF.

Example 12;

(A) HB
(B) ZU
(C) NI
(D) TO
(E) PK
Ans : 1st letter is 7th of 2nd letter in all but HB. Therefore answer is HB.

Example 13;

(A) CEI
(B) QSX
(C) JLP
(D) QSW
(E) MOS
Ans : 3rd letter is 5th of 2nd letter in all but QSX. Therefore answer is QSX.

Example 14;

(A) ZXVT
(B) SQOM
(C) ECBA
(D) MJHF
(E) XVTR
Ans : 3rd letter is 3rd from 4th letter, 2nd letter is 3rd from 3rd letter, 1st letter is 3rd from 2nd letter in all except ECBA. Therefore ECBA is the answer.

Example 15;

(A) KMNO
(B) ABDE
(C) PRST
(D) UWXY
(E) QSTU
Ans : 2nd letter is 3rd from 1st letter and 2nd, 3rd, and 4th letter are adjacent letters in all except ABDE. Therefore ABDE is the answer.

Example 16;

(A) BC
(B) FG
(C) KL
(D) PQ
(E) TV
Ans : 1st and 2nd letters are adjacent letters in all except TV. Therefore TV is the answer.

Example 17;

(A) KLM
(B) NPR
(C) BCD
(D) RQP
(E) HGF
Ans : 1st 2nd and 3rd letters are adjacent letters in all except NPR. Therefore NPR is the answer.

Example 18;

(A) ML
(B) TS
(C) FG
(D) PO
(E) XW
Ans : 2nd letter is the previous alphabet of the 1st in all except FG. Therefore Fg is the answer.

Example 19;

(A) NMLK
(B) RQPO
(C) UTSR
(D) WXUV
(E) EDCB
Ans : 4th, 3rd, 2nd and 1st letters are adjacent letters in all except WXUV. Therefore WXUV is the answer.

Example 20;

(A) ACEG
(B) MOQS
(C) GHJL
(D) RTVX
(E) KMOQ
Ans : 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th letters are 3rd letter from previous letters in all except GHJL. Therefore GHJL is the answer.

Example 21;

(A) CE
(B) HK
(C) SQ
(D) MN
(E) WZ
Ans : 2nd letter is 3rd letter from 1st in all except MN. Therefore MN is the answer.

Example 22;

(A) BCB
(B) DED
(C) ABA
(D) KLL
(E) MNM
Ans : 1st and 3rd letter in all are same except KLL. Therefore KLL is the answer.

Example 23;

(A) BCD
(B) NPR
(C) KLM
(D) RQP
(E) HGF
Ans : The three letters are adjacent alphabets in no particular order except NPR. Therefore NPR is the answer.

Example 24;

(A) MOQ
(B) GEC
(C) SUW
(D) PRT
(E) TVX
Ans : 1st, 2nd and 3rd letters are 3rd letter from previous letters in all except GEC. Therefore GEC is the answer.

Example 25;

(A) Printer
(B) Author
(C) Publisher
(D) Correspondent
Ans : All except Reader have something to do with writing/preparing document. Reader is the only one which has nothing to do with writing. So Reader is the answer.

Example 26;

(A) FLOCK
(B) CROWD
(C) HERD
(D) SWARM
(E) TEAM
Ans : All except (E) - Team are unorganized collection of living beings. Team is organized and if formed. Team is the answer.

Example 27;

(A) Jupiter
(B) Sky
(C) Star
(D) Moon
(E) Sun
Ans : All except (B) - Sky are celestial bodies. Sky is not a celestial body. Sky is the answer.

Example 28;

(A) Sofa
(B) Bed
(C) Diwan
(D) Chair
(E) Table
Ans : All except (B) - Bed are furniture meant for Living/Drawing room Bed is bed room furniture. Bed is the answer.

Example 29;

(A) Cheese
(B) Butter
(C) Ghee
(D) Milk
(E) Curd
Ans : All except (D) - Milk are products of Milk. So Milk is the answer.

Example 30;

(A) Ginger
(B) Tomato
(C) Carrot
(D) Beet
(E) Potato
Ans : All except (B) - Tomato grow underground. Tomato is the answer.